Robert Schumann

Born in 1810 in Zwickau, Robert Schumann was a German romantic Composer of the 19th century. His main focus was the piano, an instrument for which he composed numerous masterworks. Starting piano lessons around the age of ten, Schumann never acquired the level of skill comparable to his contemporaries such as Frédéric Chopin and Franz Liszt or his wife, Clara Schumann, due to an injured right hand, thought to be the result of either a syphilis treatment, or a surgery to increase the strength and reach of his fingers. Music was also a passion that he started later in his life than most great composers. He first focused on publishing and then law, before pursuing his love of music, "Poetry vs. Prose", as he put it. Around 1840 Schumann began to venture beyond the piano and write more diversely instrumented works. He composed 4 symphonies, several concerti, hundreds of songs, as well as notable chamber music, including 3 string quartets and a piano Quintet. He died in 1856 in a mental institution 2 years after attempting suicide by leaping into the Rhine. It is still debated whether his mental breakdown was caused by syphilis or a bipolar disease. There is strong evidence on both sides of the argument. Throughout his life Schumann was a notable music critic and writer, publishing many works. He was noted for attempting to revive the music of the 18th century, that of Johann Sebastian Bach, Joseph Haydn and Ludwig van Beethoven which had taken a back seat to the Romantic "liberation" of which he himself was a large proponent. His wife Clara Schumann was talented composer and pianist as well, composing a body of works. She was in fact such a great pianist (superior to Robert) that she sometimes inspired great jealousy and anger in her husband, especially when she played his compositions. Despite his mental breakdown and jealous temper, Robert Schumann’s legacy is that of one of the champion of Romantic and programmatic music. With the effort of his wife Clara and his friend Johannes Brahms, much of his work was published and promoted throughout Europe preserving him in history as one of the greats. Read more on User-contributed text is available under the Creative Commons By-SA License; additional terms may apply.

Classical romantic piano german composers

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Kinderszenen, Op. 15: No. 7 in F Major, Träumerei
VI. Sehr langsam
Arabesque in C major
Introduction and Allegro Appassionato. Op. 92
Allegro Affettuoso
No. 6: O Freund, mein Schirm, mein Schutz
Des Abends
Kinderszenen, Op. 15: No. 1, Von fremden Ländern und Menschen
Kinderszenen, Op. 15: Träumerei (Arr. Lewin for Guitar)
Kinderszenen, Op.15: 7. Träumerei
Waldscenen. 9 Clavierstücke, Op.82: 7. Vogel als Prophet
Evening Song Op. 85/12: Ausdrucksvoll und sehr gehalten
Schumann: Widmung, Op. 25 No. 1 (Arr. Liszt, S. 566a)
Kinderszenen, Op. 15: 7. Träumerei
Etude IX (Presto possibile)
Carnaval, Op. 9: No. 12. Chopin
No. 21 Marche des Davidsbundler contre les Philistins
Sehr rasch
Kinderszenen, Op. 15: VII. Träumerei
Of Foreign Lands And People
Forest Scenes Op.82/7 - Prophet Bird
Kinderszenen, Op. 15: 1. Von fremden Ländern und Menschen
Kinderszenen, Op.15: 1. Von Fremden Ländern Und Menschen
Preambule: Quasi maestoso - Piu moto - Animato - Vivo - Presto
Kinderszenen, Op.15: 12. Kind Im Einschlummern
Quartet For Piano, Violin, Viola & Cello
Widmung, Op. 25 No. 1
Arabeske in C Major, Op. 18
Kinderszenen, Op. 15: No. 10 Fast zu ernst
5 Stücke im Volkston, Op. 102: II. Langsam
Carnaval, Op. 9: No. 5. Eusebius (Adagio - Più lento molto teneramente)
Allegro vivace
A Poet's Love Heinrich Heine: IX
Waldszenen, Op. 82: No. 1, Eintritt
A. Allegro affettuoso, B. Intermezzo: Andante grazioso, C. Allegro vivace
Schumann: 6 Studien in kanonischer Form, Op. 56: No. 1, Nicht schnell
Waldszenen, Op.82: 3. Einsame Blumen
I. So rasch wie moglich
Kinderszenen, Op. 15: No. 7, Träumerei
Carnaval, Op. 9: XII. Chopin
Kreisleriana Op.16: VIII. Schnell Und Spielend
Album For The Young Op.68/10 - The Merry Peasant
Traumerei Op.15/7 (Dreaming from Scenes from Childhood)

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